THE FORMAL-SYNTACTIC STRUCTURE OF SENTENCES WITH PREDICATES OF PRESENCE / ABSENCE
Keywords:existence, predicate of presence / absence, existential sentence
The article deals with the comprehensive analysis of the formal-syntactic structure of simple sentences with verbal predicates of presence / absence which state or deny the fact of subject’s presence, existence and organize existential sentences. The analysis of sentences with verbal predicates of presence / absence shows that their semantic structure mainly consists of existential predicate and subject which are represented by the principal parts of the sentence – the grammatical predicate and subject at the formal-syntactic sentence level. The relations between the semantic and formal-syntactic structure of sentences with the predicates of presence / absence are represented by the correlative and non-correlative types of relations.